Tourbillon is one of the most highly regarded watchmaking complications. Its reputation usually comes from the ingenious fusion of superb technology and aesthetics, but the contribution of the tourbillon to the precision of the watch is always A controversial topic.
The tourbillon has become a collector’s favorite, and watchmaking brands have produced a wealth of such timepieces, such as the Ovale Tourbillon by Parmigiani.
The tourbillon was originally developed for pocket watches and stays in one or two positions most of the time. After the watch was moved from the pocket to the wrist, the movement of the wearer’s arm brought the balance to many different positions, which could almost serve as a natural ‘tourbillon’. But then again, we wear mechanical watches not because of precision, but because of the ultimate aesthetics and unremitting pursuit of technology.
Abraham Louis Breguet is the inventor of the tourbillon. The picture shows the Breguet Classique 5367 ultra-thin self-winding tourbillon watch.
After the invention of the tourbillon by Abraham Louis Breguet in 1801, it has been a rare and unique complication. In fact, there are relatively few watchmakers interested in tourbillons, serving collectors and connoisseurs who know about this extraordinary complexity. After the quartz crisis, public interest in mechanical watches rekindled. In a sense, the watch has transformed from a functional chronograph to a work of art that shows the flow of time. On this stage, the tourbillon became the most outstanding performer. At first, these watches used the traditional single-axis tourbillon designed by Mr. Breguet. As public interest in such timepieces continued to increase, more unique and more complex tourbillon watches began to appear on the market.
Multi-axis tourbillons tend to look more tension than single-axis tourbillons. The Jaeger-LeCoultre ReversoTributeGyrotourbillon series is an example.
To make the tourbillon more complicated, there are many options. The most popular is to rotate the tourbillon on multiple axes or load multiple tourbillons on a single movement. In 1977, Anthony Randall invented the dual-axis tourbillon. As the name suggests, the tourbillon does not rotate on a single axis, but rotates on a dual axis, setting a precedent. In fact, the dual-axis tourbillon was first used in timepieces and was not used in watches until the early 2000s. Later, the three-axis tourbillon was also introduced into the watch.
Hublot Hublot MP-09TourbillonBi-Axis dual axis tourbillon watch, multi-axis tourbillon perfectly integrated into the overall design of the watch.
The attraction of a multi-axis tourbillon is that it is more like a continuously moving three-dimensional object. How to best integrate the unique attributes of this complex function so that the wearer can enjoy it, the multi-axis tourbillon presents new challenges not only to watchmakers but also to designers. Over the years, many unique designs have been born in the industry, such as the Hublot MP-09TourbillonBi-Axis dual-axis tourbillon watch.
Even better than a single tourbillon is a double tourbillon, such as this Raf Lauren Automotive series double tourbillon watch.
Another way to make the tourbillon watch more complicated is to integrate multiple tourbillons into a single movement, and use the differential to take the position error calculated by the double tourbillon to further improve the travel time accuracy. Of course, for many people, visual impact is the real reason to buy a double tourbillon watch. (Photo / text watch home compiled by Xu Chaoyang)